The Memorandum of Understanding was reached following marathon talks between Erdogan and Putin in Sochi. The agreement between Turkey and Russia on a ceasefire in the Syrian province of Idlib does not require Ankara to change its refugee policy, he said on Thursday. The Russian objective of controlling the strait and accessing the Mediterranean led to the determination to weaken the Ottoman Empire at every point. This meant additional support from Austria against Germany, with Berlin increasingly supporting Constantinople. This meant Russian support to the Balkan countries, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro, which fought Turkey in a series of wars in 1910. This meant encouraging Italy in 1911 to take control of Tripoli from the Ottomans. The crisis occurred in the summer of 1914, when Austria threatened Serbia and Russia with all the necessary support to Serbia. Within days, this led to a war between Russia and France against Germany and Austria. Britain and the Ottoman Empire joined us and the Russian army misrepreses on the Eastern Front.
The two empires last clashed during the First World War. The war ended with the fall of the regimes of the two kingdoms.  Following the assassination of the Russian ambassador to Turkey, Andrei Karlov, on 19 December 2016, the leaders of the countries tried to stem possible damage to relations between the two countries.  In December 2016, the two countries launched peace talks in Astana on the peace settlement in Syria, and then agreed with Iran on the creation of de-escalation zones in Syria.   The sources said that discussions on Syria took place earlier in the day between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin and their respective delegations in a positive context in Moscow. The Ottoman government was a party to the Amlands-Litovsk Treaty, signed on 3 March 1918 between the Bolshevik government of Russia and the central powers; the contract became obsolete later that year. The Russian Bolsheviks and the Soviet government led by Vladimir Lenin, winner of the Russian Civil War in 1921, regarded as friendly the Turkish (national) revolutionary movement led by Moustafa Kemal, and the government of Lenin renounced the traditional pretensions of the Russian Empire over the territories of Western Armenia and the sea. The Soviet delivery of gold and armor to the Kemalists during the 1920-1922 War of Independence was a key factor in his conquest of power in an Ottoman empire defeated by the Triple Agreement and their victory in the Armenian countryside and the Greek-Turkish War (1919-22).  The meeting resulted in an agreement on a ceasefire in Idlib. The deal was announced after about six hours of talks between Putin and Erdogan in the Russian capital. On 10 November, the two countries signed an agreement brokered by Russia to end the fighting and work towards a comprehensive settlement of the conflict.
Idlib, just above Turkey`s southern border, falls into a de-escalation zone defined in late 2018 in an agreement between Turkey and Russia. The Russian Socialist Republic was the second state to formally recognize the Kemalist government of Turkey with the Moscow Treaty signed on 16 March 1921 between the Government of Lenin of the RSFSR and the government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (the sultanate still existed in nominal terms). In accordance with the Moscow Treaty, the two governments committed to establishing friendly relations between the countries; Article VI of the treaty has declared all contracts concluded so far between Russia and Turkey.